Reasoning: The reasoning trait measures how people reason, broadly defined as the process of how an individual draws a conclusion to solve a problem or make a decision. The two values: 

Concrete: people who are engaged in concrete thinking are focused on facts in the here and now, physical objects, and literal definitions. 

Descriptors: concrete-thinking, precise 

Abstract: people who think in an abstract way look at the broader significance of ideas and information rather than the concrete details. Abstract thinkers are interested in the deeper meaning of things and the bigger picture.

Descriptors: abstract-thinking, fast-learner

The interview questions listed below can draw revealing answers and get you on your way to finding whether employees are concrete or abstract. These interview questions assess the degree of reasoning of a candidate. 

Top 2 questions and expected answers (* there is no right or wrong answer, the answer you are seeking is based on what best fits the role and your company culture):

1. Describe a situation at work in which you did not have all the facts available in order to make a decision. How did you go about making a decision? 

How this question will help you: with this question you are seeking to measure the process of how someone will go about making a decision. You would like to speculate if the candidate is focused on gathering the immediate facts, or if they are focused on looking at the “bigger picture”. For example, you can provide the candidate with a situational case by asking them if there is a bug in the software, would they start from scratch or use a quick fix? You want to see how the candidate will evaluate the two solutions and what is the most beneficial in terms of the short-term or long-term value. 

2. Are you willing to learn new concepts and ideas? 

How this question will help you: this question will help you understand if the candidate is always searching to nurture themselves with new information and explore new ideas, or if they are content with the information they have.

Question pool: 

3. Give me an example of a situation where you needed to pay attention to small but important details? When was this? How did it turn out?
4. Tell me how you manage your daily work schedule.
5. Tell me about a task that was tedious or boring to you—but had to be done. How did you approach and tackle the task?  
6. Think about the most exciting and energizing aspect of your current or most recent position. What did you specifically enjoy about it? Why?
7. Are you willing to learn new concepts and ideas?
8. Do you consider yourself a good decision maker? Please provide an example of a successful decision you made for a project in your career so far.
9. Tell me which occasions do you recognize that you need other's help? Do you always use established procedures to ensure that correct action is taken?
10. Describe a time when you had to make a quick decision at work.

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